… as we have noted before, there is mounting evidence that we need to move away from just “throwing more opioids” at patients with chronic non-malignant pain syndromes … as well as those with multidimensional pain.
Some resources … Alberta Hospice Palliative Care Manual (see esp. pp. 12 ff. multidimensional pain) … McBeth’s recent article on cognitive behavioral therapy and/or exercise for chronic pain … Kroenke’s study showing the importance of treating depression in patients with chronic pain … Bruera et. al. on multidimensional pain … multidimensional pain assessment.